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王会利,王瀛寰,张艳峰,张旭,等. 全氟辛烷磺酸盐(PFOS)替代品对中华蜜蜂的毒性[J]. 生态毒理学报, 2012, 7(5): 517-520
全氟辛烷磺酸盐(PFOS)替代品对中华蜜蜂的毒性
Toxicity of Alternatives of Perfluorooctane Sulfonate (PFOS) on Apis cerana cerana
投稿时间:2012-07-03  修订日期:2012-07-16
DOI:
中文关键词:  PFOS替代品  中华蜜蜂  经口毒性  接触毒性
英文关键词:PFOS alternative chemicals  Apis cerana cerana  oral toxicity  contact toxicity
基金项目:国家高技术研究发展计划(863)项目(No.2010AA065105和2012AA06A302)
作者单位
王会利 中国科学院生态环境研究中心北京 100085 
王瀛寰 中国科学院生态环境研究中心北京 100085 
张艳峰 中国科学院生态环境研究中心北京 100085 
张旭 中国科学院生态环境研究中心北京 100085 
李建中 中国科学院生态环境研究中心北京 100085 
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中文摘要:
      选用中国蜂种中华蜜蜂工蜂作为受试生物,建立其环境危害评价毒性测试方法,用所建立的方法对全氟辛烷磺酸盐(PFOS)替代品进行了接触急性毒性及经口急性毒性风险评价,并比较了“小烧杯法”和“饲喂管法”两种经口毒性方法的优缺点及对毒性结果的影响。研究结果表明,“小烧杯法”实验中C4织物三防整理剂对中华蜜蜂的24 h-LC50为1 435 mg·L-1,48 h-LC50为284.67 mg·L-1;其余替代品在限度实验均未出现蜜蜂死亡,4种PFOS替代品对中华蜜蜂的接触毒性及经口毒性均为低毒,但“小烧杯法”测得的经口毒性结果比“饲喂管法”高。
              
AuthorAffiliation
Wang HuiliResearch Center for Eco-Environmental Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China
Wang YinghuanResearch Center for Eco-Environmental Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China
Zhang YanfengResearch Center for Eco-Environmental Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China
Zhang XuResearch Center for Eco-Environmental Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China
Li JianzhongResearch Center for Eco-Environmental Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China
英文摘要:
      Apis cerana cerana were exposed to four alternative chemicals of PFOS to test the acute toxicity of these chemicals. Toxicity-evaluation methods of Apis cerana cerana to chemicals were built. Two methods of "small breaker" and "feeding tube" were used to measure the oral toxicity. The relative merits and the effects of two methods were compared. The results suggested that 24 h-LC50 and 48 h-LC50values of C4 fabric three finishing agent to Apis cerana cerana of "small breaker" were 1435 and 284.67 mg·L-1, respectively. No deaths of bee happened in the limited test of other three chemicals. The contact toxicity and the oral toxicity throughout two methods showed that four chemicals were all low toxic. While the oral toxicity throughout "small breaker" was higher than that of "feeding tube".
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