不能将值 NULL 插入列 'id',表 'aje_website.dbo.t_web_site_access';列不允许有空值。INSERT 失败。 语句已终止。 欢迎访问《生态毒理学报》编辑部网站!

首页 | 期刊简介 | 编委会 | 投稿要求 | 化学品管理信息动态 | 学术会议 | 专辑 | 毒理学测试技术设备 | 订购本刊 | 联系我们 | English version

张淑霞,王荣兴,沈建新,马畅,肖文*. 洱海冬季水鸟群落结构与水位变化的潜在关系[J]. 生态毒理学报, 2018, 13(4): 143-148
洱海冬季水鸟群落结构与水位变化的潜在关系
Potential Relationship of Wintering Waterbirds Community Composition and Water-level Fluctuation in Lake Erhai
投稿时间:2018-05-21  修订日期:2018-08-23
DOI:10.7524/AJE.1673-5897.20180521001
中文关键词:  洱海  水鸟  水位  水位下降  群落结构
英文关键词:Lake Erhai  waterbirds  water-level  drawdown  community composition
基金项目:云南省“中国三江并流区域生物多样性协同创新中心”项目;国家“十二五”水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2013ZX07105005002002);云南省高校洱海流域保护与可持续发展研究重点实验室项目;云南省中青年学术技术带头人后备人才(2014HB024);大理市农业局和大理大学博士科研启动项目(KYBS201408);北京山水自然保护中心麦克阿瑟澜沧江保护基金项目(201501006)联合资助
作者单位
张淑霞,王荣兴,沈建新,马畅,肖文* 大理大学东喜玛拉雅研究院大理 671003 
摘要点击次数: 111
全文下载次数: 111
中文摘要:
      水深是影响水鸟栖息地利用最重要的因素,而湿地的水位波动会导致水深发生变化。为研究水位波动对水深岸陡型高原湖泊冬季水鸟群落的影响,本研究以云南大理洱海为研究地点,在水位下降前后,即2014年和2017年的冬季(11月至次年1月)对洱海北部湖湾5个观察点各进行10次和8次水鸟统计调查,结果2014年冬季共记录到22个物种,11 611只个体;2017年冬季共记录到30个物种,17 278只个体。对比涉禽、钻水鸭、潜水类三类功能集团的变化,发现水位下降后钻水鸭和潜水类的物种丰富度和多度都有所增加,而涉禽的物种丰富度不变,多度下降,这一结果与浅水滩地型湿地的响应变化规律不同。6种钻水鸭2017年冬季同时在洱海出现,说明可能为共同的环境因素所吸引。研究结果说明水位下降是洱海钻水鸭类物种丰富度和多度增加的必要条件。
  
AuthorAffiliation
Zhang Shuxia, Wang Rongxing, Shen Jianxin, Ma Chang, Xiao Wen*Institute of Eastern-Himalaya Biodiversity Research, Dali University, Dali 671003, China
英文摘要:
      Water depth is the most important variable affecting the use of wetland habitats by waterbirds, and fluctuations in water level have a strong influence on this pattern. In this study, we explored the effects of water level fluctuations of mountain plateau lakes characterized by deep waters and steep slopes next to the shores on the occurrence of wintering waterbirds. Taking the northern shore of Lake Erhai as a representative study case, we performed repeated waterbird species counts in five different sites during the winter months (November to the following January) of the years 2014 and 2017, which showed significant differences in water depth. A total of 22 species and 11 611 individuals, 30 species and 17 278 individuals were recorded in 2014 and 2017 respectively. We found that, with the decrease of water level, both species richness and abundance of dabbling ducks and diving waterbirds increased, while species richness of waders remained unaltered and its abundance decreased. Six dabbling ducks species were observed simultaneously in 2017, indicating a potential preference for the same environmental conditions. These findings suggest that water level drawdown was necessary to higher species richness and abundance of dabbling ducks in Lake Erhai.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭

您是第4735371位访问者   京ICP备 09058833 号

主办单位:中国科学院生态环境研究中心     单位地址:北京市海淀区双清路18号

 服务热线:010-62941072       传真:010-62923563       邮编:100085    Email: stdlxb@rcees.ac.cn

    本系统由北京勤云科技发展有限公司设计

0463美女美女3764美女美女ktv