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李梅*, 尹颖, 王晓琳, 蒋丽娟. 创新实验教学模式,提升学生实践技能
——基于南京大学“三三制”教改的环境生物学实验教学探索与实践[J]. 生态毒理学报, 2018, 13(2): 182-188
创新实验教学模式,提升学生实践技能
——基于南京大学“三三制”教改的环境生物学实验教学探索与实践
Introducing Innovative Mode of Teaching to Enhance the Students’ Practical Skills—Research and Experimentation in the Teaching of Environmental Biology Based on the “ Double Three System” Adopted by Nanjing University
投稿时间:2018-05-08  修订日期:2018-05-24
DOI:10.7524/AJE.1673-5897.20180508001
中文关键词:  “三三制”  环境生物学  实验教学  自主创新
英文关键词:Double Three System  environmental biology  experiment teaching  innovation
基金项目:南京大学“十三五”实验教学改革研究课题(SY2017012)
作者单位
李梅*, 尹颖, 王晓琳, 蒋丽娟 南京大学环境学院 环境科学与工程国家级实验教学示范中心南京 210023 
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中文摘要:
      近年来,南京大学推动了“三三制”本科教学改革,为本科学生的培养提供3个阶段(大类培养、专业培养和多元培养)和3条个性化发展路径(专业学术类、复合交叉类、就业创业类)。为实现学校“三三制”教改的目标,南京大学环境生物学实验教学团队紧扣平台建设和实验环节,以创新实验教学模式为重点,以培养学生自主实验、自主探索能力为目标,融合“基础型实验—综合型(自主)实验—创新型(研究探索)实验”,激发学生的实验兴趣,形成学生积极、主动开展实验的新模式,营造良好的实验教学氛围。结果表明,上述“三三制”环境生物学实验教改方案取得了良好的教学效果,提高了学生的创新意识和实践能力,为培养高素质的环境生物学科人才进行了有益的探索。
  
AuthorAffiliation
Li Mei*, Yin Ying, Wang Xiaolin, Jiang LijuanSchool of the Environment, State Experimental Teaching Demonstration Centre of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
英文摘要:
      Nanjing University has developed, in recent years, a new set of undergraduate teaching methodologies known as the "Double Three System". It is designed to encompass three phases (Department Cultivating Stage, Program Cultivating Stage and Diversified Cultivating Stage) and three distinctive development paths (Academic path, Interdisciplinary path and Employment & Entrepreneurship path). In order to fulfill the goal of this teaching reform, the teaching innovation team of Environmental Biology at Nanjing University is actively working to build the platform and outline the experimental steps with special focus on the innovative experimental teaching modules. The aim of the program is to train the students' ability of conducting experiments and scientific research independently. With the integration of three modes of the experiment—“ the basic module, the comprehensive module and the innovative module”, the program will arouse the students' interests and encourage their proactive engagement with the program. It is also helpful to build a good experimental teaching environment. The results show that the “double three system” experimental teaching reform has been successful in cultivating students’ spirit of exploration and has improved the students' ability of innovation. The reform program has explored the different ways of cultivating high-quality talents in the field of environmental biology.
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