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程沈航1,薛明明1,隋婧怡1,林荣华2,任晓东2,李敏2,傅桂平2,于彩虹1, *. 7种农药对管氏肿腿蜂的毒性及初级风险评价[J]. 生态毒理学报, 2017, 12(4): 270-278
7种农药对管氏肿腿蜂的毒性及初级风险评价
Toxicity and Risk Assessment of Seven Pesticides to Parasitic Wasp (Scleroderma guani)
投稿时间:2017-01-03  修订日期:2017-02-15
DOI:10.7524/AJE.1673-5897.20170103001
中文关键词:  农药  管氏肿腿蜂  致死效应  风险商值  风险评价
英文关键词:pesticides  Scleroderma guani  lethal effect  hazard quotient  risk assessment
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(31471803);公益性行业(农业)科研专项(201203022)
作者单位
程沈航1,薛明明1,隋婧怡1,林荣华2,任晓东2,李敏2,傅桂平2,于彩虹1, * 1.中国矿业大学(北京) 化学与环境工程学院北京100083 2.农业部农药检定所北京100125 
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中文摘要:
      为评估农药对寄生类自然天敌昆虫的安全性,选择管氏肿腿蜂(Scleroderma guani Xiao et Wu)作为受试生物,采用管测药膜法测定了3种杀虫剂、2种除草剂、2种杀菌剂对其致死效应,并根据田间推荐剂量计算暴露量,采用风险商值HQ对杀虫剂进行风险评估。结果显示,与空白对照比较,3种杀虫剂均具明显毒性作用,其中丁硫克百威、吡虫啉和呋虫胺对管氏肿腿蜂的24 h半致死量(24 h-LR50)分别为5.11、2.92和0.06 g a.i. ha-1,农田内风险商值分别为60.23、16.64和3 105。除草剂和杀菌剂在3倍最大田间推荐剂量作用下,24 h管氏肿腿蜂死亡率均小于50%。上述结果表明,在田间推荐用量下,3种杀虫剂对管氏肿腿蜂的初级风险评价为存在高风险,建议进一步开展高级阶段风险评估或者采取合理的风险管理措施来降低风险;除草剂和杀菌剂对管氏肿腿蜂的风险可接受。
  
AuthorAffiliation
Cheng Shenhang1, Xue Mingming1, Sui Jingyi1, Lin Ronghua2, Ren Xiaodong2, Li Min2, Fu Guiping2, Yu Caihong1, *1. School of Chemistry and Environment Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China 2. Institute for the Control of Agrochemicals, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing 100125, China
英文摘要:
      In order to evaluate the risk of pesticides to natural enemy parasitic wasps, Scleroderma guani Xiao et Wu, as the representative species, were exposed to 3 insecticides, 2 herbicides and 2 fungicides under laboratory condition by the method of contacted film in glass tube. Mortality of wasps was recorded as the toxic endpoint. The risk of pesticides was assessed with Hazard Quotient (HQ), with calculated exposure based on the recommended application rates. The results showed that compared with that of the control, the acute toxicities of insecticides to S. guani were significantly higher than those of herbicides and fungicides. The 24 h median lethal rates (24 h-LR50) of carbosulfan, imidacloprid and dinotefuran were 5.11, 2.92 and 0.06 g a.i. ha-1, and the HQ value in field were 60.23, 16.64 and 3 105, respectively. When the wasps were exposed to 3 times of the field recommended application rates of the above-mentioned herbicides and fungicides, the death rates were all lower than 50%. The risks of fungicides and herbicides were acceptable. However, higher tier risk assessment, or even risk management should be used for potential reduction of risk of the three tested insecticides.
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