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田胜艳,祝凌燕,梁贤伟,李军团,等. 中华圆田螺对沉积物中十溴联苯醚工业品DE-83的生物积累与转化[J]. 生态毒理学报, 2013, 8(5): 748-756
中华圆田螺对沉积物中十溴联苯醚工业品DE-83的生物积累与转化
Bioaccumulation and Biotransformation of Sediment-Associated DE-83 in Cipangopaludina cahayensis, Gastropoda
投稿时间:2012-10-11  修订日期:2012-11-22
DOI:10.7524/AJE.1673-5897.20121011001
中文关键词:  多溴联苯醚  中华圆田螺  生物积累  生物转化
英文关键词:PBDEs  Cipangopaludina cahayensis  bioaccumulation  biotransformation
基金项目:天津市应用基础与前沿技术研究计划项目(13JCYBJC20400);中国博士后第52批科学基金项目(2012M520578);国家自然科学基金(20877044)
作者单位
田胜艳 1. 天津科技大学海洋科学与工程学院 天津市海洋资源与化学重点实验室天津 300457 2. 南开大学环境科学与工程学院 教育部环境污染过程与基准重点实验室 天津城市生态环境修复与污染防治重点实验室天津 300071 
祝凌燕 南开大学环境科学与工程学院 教育部环境污染过程与基准重点实验室 天津城市生态环境修复与污染防治重点实验室天津 300071 
梁贤伟 南开大学环境科学与工程学院 教育部环境污染过程与基准重点实验室 天津城市生态环境修复与污染防治重点实验室天津 300071 
李军团 南开大学环境科学与工程学院 教育部环境污染过程与基准重点实验室 天津城市生态环境修复与污染防治重点实验室天津 300071 
曹晓波 南开大学环境科学与工程学院 教育部环境污染过程与基准重点实验室 天津城市生态环境修复与污染防治重点实验室天津 300071 
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中文摘要:
      为研究沉积物中十溴联苯醚(BDE-209)的生物有效性,将淡水生态系统中常见的底栖动物中华圆田螺(Cipangopaludina cahayensis)暴露于商品DE-83(主要包含92%的
BDE-209、6%的BDE-206、1.5%的BDE-207和0.5%的BDE-208)染毒的沉积物,进行60 d养殖实验。根据暴露期间中华圆田螺体内PBDEs含量与同系物组成的变化,探讨了田螺对DE-83的富集动力学、积累常数以及可能发生的生物转化。实验结果显示,DE-83主要同系物均能够被中华圆田螺积累,但是生物有效性非常低,BDE-209、BDE-207和BDE-206的吸收速率常数(ks)为0.029~0.042 d-1,BDE-207 > BDE-206 > BDE-209。依据动力学参数推算的生物-沉积物积累因子(BSAF)非常低,分别为0.05(BDE-209)和0.02(BDE-206和BDE-207)。暴露20 d后,中华圆田螺体内有低溴代同系物检出,其含量随暴露时间延长而增加,说明BDE-209在中华圆田螺体内发生了生物转化。
              
AuthorAffiliation
Tian Shengyan1. Tianjin Key Laboratory of Marine Resources and Chemistry, College of Marine Science and Engineering, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300457, China 2. Key Laboratory of Pollution Processes and Environmental Criteria, Ministry of Education, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Urban Ecology Environmental Remediation and Pollution Control, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
Zhu LingyanKey Laboratory of Pollution Processes and Environmental Criteria, Ministry of Education, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Urban Ecology Environmental Remediation and Pollution Control, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
Liang XianweiKey Laboratory of Pollution Processes and Environmental Criteria, Ministry of Education, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Urban Ecology Environmental Remediation and Pollution Control, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
Li JuntuanKey Laboratory of Pollution Processes and Environmental Criteria, Ministry of Education, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Urban Ecology Environmental Remediation and Pollution Control, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
Cao XiaoboKey Laboratory of Pollution Processes and Environmental Criteria, Ministry of Education, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Urban Ecology Environmental Remediation and Pollution Control, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
英文摘要:
      Cipangopaludina cahayensis was exposed to a commercial product of BDEs (DE-83) in sediments for 60 days to investigate the bioaccumulation and biotransformation of nona- and deca-BDEs. The major congeners in DE-83 were 92% of BDE-209, 6% of BDE-206, 1.5% of BDE-207 and 0.5% of BDE-208. The results showed that all the major congeners were bioaccumulated in C. cahayensis. The uptake coefficients (ks) of nona- and deca-BDE congeners in C. cahayensis ranged from 0.029 to 0.042 d-1, and the value of BDE-207 was slightly higher than those of BDE-206 and BDE-209. Nona- and deca-BDE congeners displayed low bioavailability with biota sediment accumulation factor (BSAF) of 0.02 for BDE-206 and BDE-207 and 0.05 for BDE-209, respectively. Lower brominated BDEs were detected in the tissue of C. cahayensis and their concentrations increased with the exposure duration, which could result from the biotransformation of high brominated BDEs.
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